Modernism, a literar and artistic movement which originated from the desire to modernize every type of cultural form. From Joyce to Hemingway, from Virginia Woolf to Conrad
From an epistemological point of view, the nineteenth century bade defiance to long-established knowledge. Lyell and Darwin, through their geological and biological studies, questioned the Church and biblical authority and, furthermore, the philosophers of suspicion (Marx, Nietzsche and Freud) ultimately challenged human life itself by
Four women stand still. They are staring at you. Someone may say that they are pure forms. I state, instead, that they are the most expressive beings in the whole history of modern art.